Hungary held an indirect Presidential election on March 10th, followed by parliamentary elections on April 3rd. Katalin Novák, member of the ruling Fidesz party, secured the Presidency in the March elections, becoming the first female Hungarian president. In the parliamentary elections, the incumbent Prime Minister, Viktor Orbán, and his party, Fidesz, saw significant victory, receiving 54.01% of the vote. The election has expanded the Fidesz-KDNP alliance’s parliamentary supermajority to control 135 seats of the 199-seat parliament.
The opposition alliance, United for Hungary, came in second place with 12.12% of the vote, which is set to hold 56 parliamentary seats. Following United for Hungary is the far-right Mi Hazánk, or “Our Homeland” party, which won 7 seats. The MNOO, a center-right party representing the German minority, also won 1 seat.
Fidesz’s victory sets up incumbent Prime Minister Viktor Orbán for his fourth consecutive term, as the country’s moderate opposition is left defeated after performing drastically below expectations. Orbán will begin his fourth term with a strong mandate for leadership, with the opposition unlikely to create any obstacles in the legislative cycle in the near future.
Fidesz’s supermajority, as well as the de facto support of President Katalin Novák, mean that the government will not face direct legislative opposition; however, Hungary is facing a downward trajectory in economic growth due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and the Orbán government is facing mounting criticism for not being tougher on Kremlin and prioritizing Russian energy over supporting Ukraine. Hungary also stands to potentially lose additional EU recovery funding, as it has not yet secured funding from the EU following a Brussels-hostile campaign from the Hungarian government. The EU is refraining from approving the funds, saying that Hungary needs to implement structural anti-corruption and judicial reforms to ensure proper usage of funds.
The government is set to undergo restructuring during the post-election transition period; however, it is expected that most high-level figures will keep their posts.